Joel, book of
- One of the Minor Prophets, of uncertain date, but since the Second Temple was standing (Joel 1:14; 2:17) it may have been written in the 5/4th cent. BCE. The country had been ravaged by a plague of locusts which devoured everything in sight, even though they themselves were edible (Lev. 11:21–2; Mark 1:6). The prophet regards the disaster as foreshadowing the day of the Lord (Joel 2:2) of which Amos (5:18) and Isaiah (13:6) had spoken. Joel summons the people to lament and suggests that God will then respond with an outpouring of his prophetic spirit ‘on all mankind’ (2:28–29), for which Moses had prayed (Num. 11:29) and which the Church later believed to be in principle fulfilled on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:17). Israel's enemies will be destroyed in the valley of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:1–14).
Dictionary of the Bible.
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Joel, Book of — Joel was probably a resident in Judah, as his commission was to that people. He makes frequent mention of Judah and Jerusalem (1:14; 2:1, 15, 32; 3:1, 12, 17, 20, 21). He probably flourished in the reign of Uzziah (about B.C. 800), and was… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Joel, Book of — ▪ Old Testament second of 12 Old Testament books that bear the names of the Minor Prophets. The Jewish canon lumps all together as The Twelve and divides Joel into four chapters; Christian versions combine chapters 2 and 3. The book… … Universalium
Joel — • Profile of the Old Testament prophet and analysis of the book bearing his name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Joel Joel † … Catholic encyclopedia
JOEL — (Heb. יוֹאֵל; YHWH is God ), the second book in the minor prophets . The superscription of the book names the prophet Joel son of Pethuel as the author. No indication of the author s life, time, or place of residence is given, and the name of the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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